The Influence of Health and Safety Training on Steel Industry Employee’s Adherence to Regulations

Prof. Alain Ndedi, Dr Lawrence Kok


Health and safety in the workplace have become an integral component in the viability of business. This article investigates the influence of health and safety training on employee’s adherence to health and safety in the steel industries. Purposive sampling was used within a quantitative research design to select 165 respondents from 748 employees. The response rate to 165 questionnaires administered within a demarcated location was 98.5%. Response indicate that the majority of employees receive sufficient health and safety training, which is reflected by their adherence to the occupational health and safety regulations.

Key words: health and safety, training, employee’s adherence, employee’s perceptions.

Full Text:



Annandale, K. 2006. Occupational health and safety induction training kit. [Online]. Available at: < http//>. Accessed: 18/05/08.

Bahn, S. & Barrat-Pugh, L. 2012. Emerging issues of health and safety training delivery in Australia: Quality and transferability. Social Behaviour Sciences, (62). 213-222. Available at http

Basson, A.C., Christianson, M.A., Garbers, C., Le Roux, P.A.K., Mischke, C. & Strydom, E.M.L. 2005. Essentials of labour law: a new combined edition in one volume. 4thed. Cape Town: Creda Communication.

Brown, K.A., Willis, P.G. & Prussia, G.E. 2003. Mental models of safety: Do managers and employees see eye to eye? Journal of Safety Research, 34(1):143-156.

FENG, C. ZHANG, G. WU, Q. LIU, X.C. WANG, H. & BOGUS, S.M. 2014. Mixed logit model-based driver injury severity investigation in single and multi-vehicle crashes on rural-lane highways. Accident Analysis & Prevention, (72). 105-115. [Online]. http> Accessed: 23/06/2014.

Furter, E. 2003. Compliance and sustainable development. Safety Management, 3(1):4-6.

Govender, M. 2011. Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations 85 of 1993 (Full Version). Durban: Lexis Nexis.

Guldenmund, F.W. 2010. (Mis) understanding Safety Culture and Its Relationship to Safety Management. Risk Analysis, An International Journal, 30(10):1466-1480.

Kopel, S. 2009. Guide to Business Law. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Lexis Nexis. 2005. Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations 85 of 1993. Full Version. 4th ed. Durban: Butterworth.

Maiti, J. & Paul, P. S. 2007. The role of behavioural factors on safety management in underground mines. Safety Science, (45):449-471.

Malinen, S., Wright, S. & Cammock, P. 2013. What drives organizational engagement? A case study on trust, justice, perceptions, and withdrawal attitudes. A global forum for empirical scholarship. Accidents Prevention, (1):1. 96-108. [Online]. Available at

Masia, U. & Pienaar, J. 2011. Unravelling safety compliance in the mining industry: examining the role of work stress, job insecurity, satisfaction and commitment as antecedents. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 37(1):1-10.

Masia, U. 2010. The relationship of work stress and job insecurity with workplace safety compliance, job satisfaction, and commitment in a mine. Mini-Dissertation. North West. Univ Potchefstroom.

Mbakaya, C.F.L., Onyoyo, H.A., Lwaki & Omondi. 1999. A survey on management perspectives of the state of workplace health and safety practices in Kenya. Accident Analysis and Prevention, (31):305-312. Available at http

Munchinsky, P. M. 2003. Psychology Applied to Work. An Introduction to Industrial and Organisational Psychology. 7thed. New York: Thomson Wadsworth.

Nhammer, E., Schusterschitz, C. & Stummer, H. 2013. Employee perceived effects of workplace health promotion. International Journal of Workplace Health Management,1(6):38-53. [Online]. Available at > Accessed: 23/3/2014

Niza, C., Silva, S. & Lima, M, L. 2007. Occupational accidents experience: Association with workers accidents explanation and definition. Safety Science, (46):959-971. [Online]. Available at http> Accessed 29/05/2012.

Nordlöf, H., Wiitavaara, B., Winblad, U., Wijk, K. & Westerling, R. 2015. Safety culture and reasons for risk-taking at a large steel-manufacturing company: Investigating the worker perspective. Safety Science, 73(1): 126–135.

Omar, F., Pillay, L. & Davies, K. 2008. How important is the health and safety policy and objectives. Health and Safety at Work in South Africa, 2(1):4-6.

Omogoroye, O.O. & Oke, S.A. 2007. A safety control model for an offshore oil platform. Disaster prevention and management. 588-610.

Osland, J. S., Kolb, D. A. & Rubin, I. M. 2001. Organisational Behaviour. An Experiential Approach. 7thed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Perry, P. 2003. Health and safety questions and answers: a practical approach. London: Thomas Telford Publishing.

Pillay, K.R. 2014. The costs of construction accidents. Master’s thesis in Construction Management and Quantity Surveying. Western Cape: Cape Peninsula University of Technology.

Republic of South Africa. 1993a. Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Disease Act (130 of 1993). Government Gazette, 340(15158). 27 June 1993.

Republic of South Africa. 1993b. Occupational Health and Safety Act (85 of 1993). Government Gazette, 442(36586). 23 June 1993.

Rim, K.T. & Lim, C.H. 2014. Biologically hazardous agents at work and efforts to protect workers’ health: A review of recent reports. Safety and Health at Work. (5). 43-59. Available at http

Saldana, M.A.M., Herrero, S.G., Del Campo, S. & Ritzel, D.O. 2003. Investigation of risks, accidents and injuries: development of a report form and model. The International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 6(2):47-60.

Sambrook, S.A., Jones, N. & Doloriert, C. 2014: Employee engagement and auto ethnography: being and studying self. Journal of Workplace Learning, 26(3/4):172-187. [Online]. Available at hhtp> Accessed: 23/3/2014.

Scheeres, H. Solomon, N. Boud, D. & Rooney, D. 2010. When is it ok to learn at work? The learning work of organisational practices. Journal of workplace learning, 1(22):13-26.

Sendagala, S. 2010. Factors affecting the adherence to antiretroviral therapy by HIV positive patients treated in a community based HIV/AIDS care programme in rural Uganda. Master’s Thesis. Univ. South Africa. Pretoria.

Somavia, J. 2003. Safety in numbers. Pointer for global safety culture at work. International Labour Organisation Conference proceedings. Geneva: Switzerland.

Van Jaarsveld, F. & Van Eck, S. 2005. Principles of labour law. Durban: Lexis Nexis.

Yakovlev, P. & Sobel, R.S. 2010. Occupational safety and profit maximisation: Friends or Foes. Journal of Socio-Economics.

Yusof, I.B.M.D. 2008. Application occupational safety and health in industry: case study-CCM Fertiliser SDN BHD. BMech Eng. Dissertation. Malaysia: University Malaysia Pahang.

Zwetsloots, Aaltonen, Wybo, Saari, Kines & De Beeck, 2013. The case for research into the zero accident vision. Safety Science. (58). 41-48.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.